Repair of tubes may be accomplished by plugging the tube at the tubesheet with a welded or mechanical attachment.


Shell and tube heat exchanger is a device where two working fluids exchange heat by thermal contact using tubes housed within a cylindrical shell. ) • Double pipe or hair pin heat exchanger.

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6 Gasket replacement Remove the front head/rear end cover to replace.

The ability of heat exchangers and specifically shell and tube type heat exchangers, to efficiently perform their function has a direct impact on the overall efficiency of power plants. . Remove the plates one at a time by sliding them back to the movable frame, removing the hangar and tilting the plate off of the guide bar.


Piercing of each tube prevents possible plug blowout and permits the validation of the integrity of the tube plug. Plate heat exchangers are up to five times more efficient than shell-and-tube designs. 4.

. The most common type of heat exchangers, shell and tube heat exchangers are constructed of a single tube or series of parallel tubes (i.

We offer complete servicing for shell & tube heat exchangers and condensers.

Shell and tube exchangers are easy to dismantle.

. Setting shell side and tube side pressure drop design limits.

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This discussion is limited to the shell-and-tube type exchangers.
Single-phase heat exchangers are usually of the tube-and-shell type; that is, the exchanger consists of a set of tubes in a container called a shell (Figure 8).

These two integral pathways are usually built out of thermally conductive metals that allow easy heat transfer ( steel, aluminum alloys, etc.

The tube plates and external tubes can then be washed using a handheld hose or lance.

The smaller tube diameter has a higher pressure rating for the same metal thickness compared to the larger. . Small diameter rods or tube brushes can be used to clean through each tube to remove any stubborn deposits.

. Tube thickness should be maintained to withstand: 1) Pressure on the inside and outside of the tube. Be careful not to bend the plates when removing them, or they won’t be able. . .


Cleaning is certainly an important step when preparing tube and tubesheet for welding, but knowledgeable heat exchanger fabricators understand other nuances, including the importance of the welding and expansion sequence. .

• Use shells in series.




In the case of straight tubes with fixed tube sheets, allow room to remove the heads for inspection and cleaning tubes, if and when it should become necessary.